ISLAMIC SCIENCES

The main problem facing Islamic sciences today is the problem of functionality, integrity, and usûl (foundations/principles) and methodology. The fact that the concept of Islamic Sciences was narrowed over time and allocated to only few research areas; that it was reduced to sciences such as Tafsir, Hadith, Fiqh, Kalam, and Sufism, and that dichotomy of religious sciences vs. natural sciences, mental sciences (aklî ilimler) vs. revelation-based sciences (naklî ilimler) has also impaired this integrity. However, it is not always possible to distinguish between what is tenzil (revealed) and what is tekwin (created), between the verses in the Book of Allah and the verses of objective and subjective experience.

The specialization in our academic tradition has broken the integrity of this narrow space described as religious sciences for the second time by further shattering. This view is an obstacle to subjecting Islamic thought to a holistic assessment or holistic reading through an inter-disciplinary method. Nonetheless, in the Islamic scientific tradition, all sciences are intertwined; one is not separated from the other, and there is a transition between them, an interwoven pattern exists. Since the first centuries, Islamic scholars and philosophers have left us an important literature, in which all the sciences related to the classification and categorization of the sciences are brought together in a systematic arrangement on a common ground.

In assessing this legacy; however, absolving the scientific structures/ interpretations that have taken place in historical circumstances as systems that are valid for all times would mean ignoring any kind of human intellectual production capacity. Furthermore, the claim that absolute methodology is a single real understanding of the issues is the biggest obstacle for every thinker to produce thought within the framework of his/ her systematic coherence.

The Institute of Islamic Thought considers that the narrowing of meaning, specialization, and absolutism experienced in Islamic sciences has impaired the integrity of Islamic thought and has lost its functionality and consistency.

Based on these considerations; IDE strives to transform Islamic sciences into an act of religious understanding by an act of removing provisions from Nass but also to give functionality, consistency, and integrityby taking into account of last century’s calls for ijtihad, which sought to establish a methodology to be used in the solution of new issues to Usûl al-Fiqh.